Principal Investigator:
Dr. Anthony R. Lupo
Graduate Students:
Andrew Jensen - PhD Ralph Johnson - PhD
Rosie Newberry - MS Mike Roberts - MS Selby Barron
Jessica Donovan Max Nunes Travis Bradshaw
Undergraduate Assistants:

The primary mission of this research program is to gain a better understanding of the synoptic and planetary-scale atmospheric processes contribute to the formation and maintenance of such atmospheric phenomenon known as blocking anticyclones and how interannual variations and/or global climate change may impact on their characteristics and occurrence. Blocking anticyclones are planetary-scale phenomenon, which have an impact, not only on the regions they occur in, but also within regions upstream and downstream of the main event. In examining the issues of interannual variability of blocking and changes in their climatological characteristics, and variability of the primary variables of the atmosphere’s global circulation, local climate change issues can also be addressed. For example, this program endeavors to examine the climatic and dynamic characteristics of heavy snowfalls, general precipitation, and tornadoes in the Midwest. We have shown that there is significant interannual variability in these local phenomenon which can be related to El Nino and longer-term climatic variability. This group has also examined the changes in the climatic character of Atlantic Basin hurricane intensities. Additionally, we will address the length of the growing season in Missouri. These issues will be explored in cooperation with the Missouri Climate Center and the National Weather Service Forecast Offices in Pleasant Hill, MO, and Springfield, MO. Our international partners in study include scientists at the Russian Academy of Science, as well as Belgorod State University in Belgorod Russia. In examining and identifying the interannual variability and/or long term trends (climate change) for these events, the interests of the local agricultural and public sectors will be served.


Our Long Range Forecast for Winter 2014-2015

Links to our research partners and meteorology societies.



Products (Archive or log of Northern and Southern Hemisphere Blocking)


Enclosed is an archive of Northern and Southern Hemisphere blocking events including complete information regarding when and where they occurred, and their intensity as defined by Weidenmann et al. (2002). In this day and age, this blocking log could be called the Climate Change Group "Blocking Log" or "Blog" for short. Here is the conference paper that discusses the new data sets.




Conference Paper from the 20th Annual Conference on Climate Change / 88th Annual Meeting of the AMS in New Orleans, LA, January 2008

Northern Hemisphere Events 1968 - 2014 are now here!

Northern Hemisphere Events 1968 (July 1) - 2014 (up to 24 September 2014) in PDF format
Northern Hemisphere Events 1968 (July 1) - 2014 (up to 24 September 2014) in an Excel Spreadsheet


Southern Hemisphere Events 1970 - 2014 are now here!

Southern Hemisphere Events 1970 - 2014 (up to 24 September 2014) in PDF format
Southern Hemisphere Events 1970 - 2014 (up to 24 September 2014) in an Excel Spreadsheet


Selected Journal / Conference Papers


Blocking / Atmospheric Dynamics

Q-vectors, new form, Crandall et al. hopefully 2014

Lupo, Colucci, Mokhov, Wang 2014, Editorial note for special issue

Jensen and Lupo 2014, Enstrophy Deformation, Dynamics of Oceans and Atmospheres.

Sitnov, Mokhov and Lupo 2013, The water vapor plume in the Russian Block of 2010

Wang, Lupo, Qin, 2013, Tellus A - ENSO - mid-latitude feedbacks

The Leadoff Chapter on Models for the Latest NIPPC report (NIPCC2)

T Lupo, I Mokhov, Y Chendev, M. Lebedeva, M. Akperov, and J. Hubbart (2014) Advances in Meteorology Special Issue - Summer Season Drought in Russia

Jensen and Lupo (2013) Advances in Meteorology Special Issue - Ensemble model diagnostic

Jensen and Lupo (2013) QJRMS - something new on blocking

Market, Rochette, Lupo (2013) Atms Sci Let - Montgomery stream Function- glad to be teamed up with my colleagues!

Doklady: Mokhov et al. Blocking Tendencies for the NH back to 1871 and in the Future! (English version)

Doklady: Mokhov et al. Blocking Tendencies for the NH back to 1871 and in the Future! (Russian version)

Advances in Meteorology: Russian Drought of 2010 - Lupo et al 2012

JGR Atmospheres Y. Wang et al. 2011 - Tibet Plateau

Sensitive Dependence Case Study: Schnetz et al. (2010)

Advances in Meteorology: Hussain and Lupo 2010

Monthly Weather Review: Wang and Lupo 2009

Monthly Weather Review: Tilly et al. 2008

Journal of Atmospheric Science: Luo et al. Part I 2007

Journal of Atmospheric Science: Luo et al. 2007 Part II

Izvestia paper: Lupo et al. 2007 (in Russian)

Izvestia paper: Lupo et al. 2007 (in English)

Journal of Atmospheric Science: Burkhardt and Lupo 2005

Weather and Forecasting: Lupo and Market 2003

Monthly Weather Review: Lupo 2002

Monthly Weather Review: Lupo et al. 2001

Mesoscale dynamics: National Weather Digest: Lupo et al. 2000

Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society: Lupo and Bosart 1999

Monthly Weather Review: Lupo and Smith 1998

Monthly Weather Review: Lupo 1997

Tellus: Lupo and Smith 1995

King et al. 1995

Monthly Weather Review: Lupo et al. 1992

Tellus: Uhl et al. 1992

Climate / Climate Variability

Petin et al. 2014 - Atmospheric Circulation Changes in the Belgorod region.

Hubbart et al. 2014 - More on the Heat Island studies.

Chendev et al. 2013 Applied Geography

Lupo et al. 2012 - Midwest Dewpoint trends and variability- NWD

Chendev Petin and Lupo 2012, Geography, Environment, Sustainability - Soils as an Indicator......

Journal of Freshwater Ecology 2012, Fish Feeding and the Weather, Lupo et al.

Corn crop and drought Variability in the last century- M. Stambaugh, R. Guyette, et al.

Hey wait a minute....I wrote a book.....chapter on hurricane variability

Tropical storms influencing Missouri, 2010 - Transactions of the Missouri Academy

Birk et al. 2010 - Midwest climate

Market et al. 2009

Letter to Journal of the AMA - 2008

Latham et al and hurricanes 2008

Moon et al and CoCoRaHs 2009

Journal of Missouri Medicine Invited paper - Lupo response 2008

Journal of Missouri Medicine Invited paper - Lupo 2008

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres - Zuki and Lupo 2008

National Weather Digest: Kelsey et al. 2007 Part II application

Atmosfera: Kelsey et al. 2007 Part I

Journal of Climate: Barriopedro et al. 2006

Snows: National Weather Digest: Lupo et al. 2005

Snows: Physical Geography: Berger et al. 2002

Tornadoes: Transactions MO Academy of Science: Akyuz et al. 2004

Heat Island: Atmos. Sci. Let.: Buckley et al. 2008

Heat Island: Transactions: Grathwohl et al. 2009

Heat Island: Transactions MO Academy of Science: Lupo et al. 2004

Heat Island: National Weather Digest Lupo et al. 2003

TV-Precipitation-Broadcast: National Weather Digest: Hagen et al. 2008

TV-Temperatures-Broadcast: National Weather Digest: Lupo et al. 2003

Article on Climate Modeling written for ICECAP.US - International Climate and Environmental Change Assessment Project

Article on Feedbacks written for ICECAP.US - International Climate and Environmental Change Assessment Project

Journal of Climate: Wiedenmann et al. 2002

WMO Report: Mokhov et al. 2002

Transactions, MO Academy of Sciences Ratley et al. 2002

Journal of Climate: Bals-Elsholtz et al. 2001

National Weather Digest: Lupo and Johnston, 2000 - take a look at the results we got!

Climate Dynamics: Lupo Oglesby Mokhov 1997

Tellus: Lupo and Smith 1995

Other PR Publications

Mokhov, Lupo, Prokofyeva Blocking Tendencies - WMO Technical Report

Publication history of NWD

NIPCC II 2013 Author Ch 1

NIPCC 2011 Contributor Ch 1 Reviewer

NIPCC 2009 Contributor Ch 6 Reviewer

BAMS Meeting Summary Advancing Renewables in the Midwest

BAMS Meeting Summary WAFICUS

Melick et al 2008 JGR Thundersnow and Stability

Market et al 2006 JGR Thundersnow

IPPC AR2 WG1 Ch 6 Cont. auth.

New Windchill Report 2003

The American Civil War 150 / Powerpoints

I have always had a keen interest in the American Civil War, and this year commemorates the 150th Anniversary of the start of this conflict. The early battles in Missouri are often overlooked as historians and Civil War buffs tend to focus on the imporance of Civil War Battles in the East. However, Missouri was an important battle ground and whether or not Missouri would ulimately secede may have been decided on the battlefield. The weather played a role in the outcome of some early battles. In cooperation with students James Michael Madden and John Moon III, we reconstruct the possible role played by weather in each of these skirmishes. Thanks go out to Dr. D.J. Burnette at the University of Arkansas whose temperature records from the era were helpful in reconstructing the weather. The Battle of Wilson's Creek was presented at the Missouri Academy of Science in 2009. The Battle of Carthage was presented a year later, and Legington in the same year.

The Battle of Carthage, MO, July 5th 1861

The Battle of Wilson's Creek, MO, August 9th - 10th 1861

The Battle of Lexington, MO, September 13th - 20th 1861



Presentations / Powerpoints

Drought in the Midwest: Given for the George Marshal Institute at the National Press Club 27 June 2006.

The Science of Drought and Flood Prediction: Drought 2012

My Take on Global Warming

Open Letter to the US House and Senate

My Presentation at COMET / COMAP June 2010 on predictability

My Presentation on Blocking at the Russian Academy of Science and the State University of NY at Oswego.

My Presentation to the 3rd International Conference on Climate Change

My Presentation to the 7th International Conference on Climate Change

Jensen and Lupo Presentation to the Davos Atmosphere and Cryosphere Assembly 2013

Hurricane Safety


Copyright © 2012 Department of Soil, Environmental and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Missouri - Columbia